1951年4月下旬,志愿軍發起第五次戰役。由于后勤和天氣原因,我志愿軍在北撤過程中,聯合國軍組織了13個師的兵力進行追擊,為堵住戰線中部出現的缺口保障撤退行動有序進行,遂組織了鐵原阻擊戰。圖:鐵原阻擊戰中的美國炮兵陣地

In late April 1951, the volunteer army launched its fifth campaign. As a result of logistics and weather reasons, our volunteers in the north withdrawal process, the United Nations forces organized 13 divisions of the force for pursuit, in order to block the gap in the middle of the line to ensure the orderly withdrawal operations, then organized the original resistance. Photo: U.S. artillery position in the Iron Plains Resistance War

擔任此次阻擊作戰的是63軍,其下轄187、188、189三個師。戰斗部署為:188師為預備隊,187師防守右翼,189師防守左翼。第五次戰役前,63軍全軍約萬人,在進攻階段后送傷員約5000余人,因此參加阻擊時,各個師均不滿員,初步估計每個師僅有約6000-7000人左右,全軍人數在萬人左右圖:鐵原阻擊戰中的美國陸軍

The combat was conducted by the 63 army, which has 187,188 and 189 divisions. Combat deployment:188 Division for the reserve team,187 Division to defend the right wing,189 Division to defend the left. Before the fifth campaign, the 63 army had about 10,000 troops and more than 5,000 troops were sent to the wounded in the attack stage. Therefore, when participating in the blocking, each division was dissatisfied with its initial estimate of only about 6,000-7000 troops per division, and the total number of troops was about 10,000

聯合國軍共計有美騎1師、韓軍陸戰1團、韓軍第9師、加拿大第25旅,相當于4個師的兵力,人數約47710人、火炮1327門、坦克187輛,平均每公里攻擊正面人、炮門、坦克輛,還有空軍支援。相比之下,志愿軍缺少重炮和炮彈,沒有坦克、飛機,在兵力火力上都深居劣勢。圖:美軍正在為坦克裝填彈藥

The United Nations has a total of US 1st Division,1st Regiment of Korean Army Marine,9th Division of Korean Army,25th Brigade of Canada, equivalent to 4th Division, with about 47710 personnel,1327 artillery,187 tanks, average attack person per kilometer, gun gate, tank vehicle, and air force support. Volunteers, by contrast, lack heavy artillery and artillery, lack tanks and aircraft, and are at a deep disadvantage in terms of firepower. Photo: U.S. troops are filling tanks with ammunition.

美軍慣用戰術是是以大群坦克部隊開路,像城墻一樣壓向63軍陣地。由于缺乏反坦克炮,63軍官兵只好以血肉之軀與武裝到牙齒的敵人搏斗,很多連隊全體戰死在陣地上。圖:美國陸軍裝甲坦克部隊

U.S. military tactics are to open the way with a large group of tank forces, pressing the 63 position like a wall. In the absence of anti-tank guns, 63 soldiers and soldiers had to fight with armed and toothed enemies in the flesh of blood, many of them died in the position. Figure:U.S. Army Armored Tank Force.

戰爭之慘烈,讓63軍幾乎將所有的戰斗兵力都填了進去,最后通信員、炊事員都組織起來上了戰場。這場驚天動地的大戰整整打了13天,最終63軍順利完成了志愿軍司令部交授的任務,為穩定整個戰線贏得了時間。據統計,戰斗中63軍軍直和所屬187、188、189師共斃、傷、俘美、英、韓軍21580人,兩萬志愿軍正面硬抗住了五萬敵軍的進攻,創造了第五次戰役東西兩線參戰各軍的最高殺傷記錄。

The tragedy of the war, so that the 63 army almost all the combat forces filled in, and finally communications, cooking staff are organized to go to the battlefield. The earth-shaking war lasted 13 days, and finally the 63 army successfully completed the task assigned by the volunteer command, which bought time to stabilize the whole front. According to statistics,63 direct and affiliated 187,188,189 divisions killed, wounded, captured the United States, Britain and South Korea 21580 people,20,000 volunteers face hard to resist the attack of 50,000 enemy troops, creating the fifth campaign of the East-West two-line participation in the highest killing and killing records of each army.


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