财政收支是衡量地方政府经济和财力的关键指标。过去一年地方财政收支形势如何,几个省市近日披露的财报可一窥究竟。

Fiscal revenue and expenditure are the key indicators to measure the local government's economy and financial resources. How the local fiscal revenue and expenditure in the past year, several provinces and cities recently revealed the financial results can be seen.

  第一财经记者梳理发现,目前在36个省市(自治区、直辖市、计划单列市)中,上海、山东、深圳、辽宁、甘肃、青岛6个省市公布了2019年全年财政收支情况。其中6地收入有一个共性,即收入增长低迷,甚至出现下滑,而大规模减税降费是导致收入低迷的主要原因。

The first financial reporter combed and found that at present, in 36 provinces and municipalities (autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the Central Government and cities separately listed in the plan), six provinces and cities in Shanghai, Shandong, Shenzhen, Liaoning, Gansu and Qingdao have announced their fiscal revenue and expenditure for the whole year 2019. Six of them have a common feature: low income growth, or even a decline, and large-scale tax cuts are the main cause of the downturn.

  上海2018年地方财政收入居全国第三,山东居第五,两地是名副其实的财政大省,但去年两地财政收入增速均不足1%,十分罕见。

Shanghai's local fiscal revenue in 2018 ranked third in the country, Shandong ranked fifth, the two places are worthy of the name of the financial province, but last year, the growth of revenue in both places is less than 1%, very rare.

  根据官方数据,2019年上海全市地方一般公共预算收入亿元,比2018年增长%。山东去年地方一般公共预算收入6527亿元,同比增长约%。青岛去年财政收入增速仅%。

According to official data, the local general public budget revenue of Shanghai in 2019 is 100 million yuan, an increase of% over 2018. Shandong's local general public budget revenue last year was 652.7 billion yuan, an increase of about% over the same period last year. Qingdao's revenue growth last year was only%.

  辽宁省去年地方一般公共预算收入完成2652亿元,同比增长仅%。甘肃财政收入更是出现了下滑。2019年甘肃全省一般公共预算收入亿元,同比下滑%

Liaoning province's local general public budget revenue reached 265.2 billion yuan last year, a year-on-year increase of only%. Gansu's fiscal revenues have slipped. The province's general public budget revenue in 2019 was 100 million yuan, down% from a year earlier

  深圳每平方公里财政收入在全国大中城市中居前列。2019年深圳地方一般公共预算收入为亿元,增长%。这一增速略高于去年,不过仔细看最为核心的税收收入会发现,2019年深圳税收收入同比增长%,相比2018年(%)也有明显下滑。

Shenzhen's revenue per square kilometer is in the forefront of large and medium-sized cities throughout the country. Shenzhen's local general public budget revenue in 2019 was 100 million yuan, an increase of%. The increase is slightly higher than last year, though a closer look at the core tax revenues will see a year-on-year increase of% in revenue in Shenzhen in 2019, down from 2018(%).

  与年初预算相比,不少地方全年未达到收入预期,不少地方根据实际收入情况,年中之后调整了预算收入目标。

Compared with the budget at the beginning of the year, many places did not meet their income expectations for the whole year, and many places adjusted their budget income targets after the middle of the year according to the actual income situation.

  以山东为例,山东去年年初预计全年一般公共预算收入目标为5%,最终实际增速不足1%。不过去年11月底山东省对省级预算进行过调整。

Taking Shandong as an example, Shandong's general public budget revenue target for the full year early last year was expected to be 5 per cent, eventually growing at less than 1 per cent in real terms. But at the end of november shandong province adjusted its provincial budget.

  为何地方财政收入增长低迷,这除了与经济增速放缓有关外,最重要的因素就是大规模减税降费。此前也有地方官员告诉第一财经记者,各省在年初确定预算收入目标时,没有想到国家在3月出台力度如此之大的减税降费政策,地方财政收入也因此难以达到年初预期目标,不少地方对收入目标进行下调。

The most important factor in why local fiscal revenue growth has been sluggish, in addition to slowing economic growth, is massive tax cuts. Previously, some local officials told the first financial reporter that when the provinces set their budget revenue targets at the beginning of the year, they didn't expect the state to introduce such a big tax cut in March, and local revenue was therefore difficult to meet the expected target at the beginning of the year, and many places lowered their revenue targets.

  去年我国实施了力度空前的减税降费政策,预计全年减税降费规模超过万亿元,受此影响各地财政收入受冲击较大。

Last year, China implemented an unprecedented tax reduction policy, which is expected to be more than trillion yuan in annual tax reduction, which has affected local fiscal revenue.

  根据各地官方数据,上海预计前11个月减税降费规模亿元。山东前10个月减税降费1318亿元。深圳预计2019年减税降费超过1100亿元。辽宁全省去年全年减税降费近700亿元。

According to local official data, Shanghai expects to cut taxes and fees by 100 million yuan in the first 11 months. Shandong first 10 months tax reduction fee reduction of 131.8 billion yuan. Shenzhen expects a tax cut of more than 110 billion yuan in 2019. The province cut taxes and fees by nearly 70 billion yuan last year.

  比如,辽宁省财政厅称,2019年扣除减税降费因素,该省地方一般公共预算收入实际增长%,实现了预期目标。考虑政策性减收影响,甘肃去年收入同口径增长%,也符合当地预期目标。

For example, the liaoning province's finance department said that the province's local general public budget revenue actually increased by% in 2019, after deducting tax cuts and fees. Taking into account the impact of policy cuts, Gansu's revenue growth of% last year was in line with local expectations.

  财税部门测算,去年大规模减税降费拉动当年GDP(国内生产总值)增长个百分点,拉动固定资产投资增长个百分点,拉动社会消费品零售总额增长个百分点。当前经济运行处于合理区间,延续了总体平稳、稳中有进的发展态势,减税降费政策发挥了重要作用。

The finance and taxation department calculates that last year's large-scale tax cuts driven GDP growth by a percentage point, fixed-asset investment by a percentage point, and retail sales of consumer goods by a percentage point. The current economic operation is in a reasonable range, which continues the overall steady and steady development trend, and the tax reduction and fee reduction policy plays an important role.

  中国政法大学施正文教授对第一财经分析,今年减税降费核心是以效果为目标,以问题为导向,进一步细化政策解决政策实操中不明确地方,进一步完善政策来提高减税降费效果,使得减税降费更加精准、科学和有效。下一步减税降费政策在完善方面可能还会有新动作。

Professor Shi Zhengwen of China University of Political Science and Law analyzed the effect of cutting taxes and fees this year as the core goal, taking the problem as the direction, further refining the policy to solve the ambiguity in the policy practice, further improving the policy to improve the effect of tax reduction, making the tax reduction more accurate, scientific and effective. The next step in cutting taxes and fees is likely to be new.


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